Fred S. Perrine
During the years before the Civil War, the U.S. Army was troubled by the difficulties of conveying troops and supplies across the desert plains of the Southwest by horse and mule trains. It was decided to try camels. In 1855, Congress appropriated $30,000 for the purchase of camels or dromedaries, and a supply ship was dispatched to Malta, Smyrna, and Constantinople to secure a sample lot.
“The roll call of this first cargo of camels was as follows:
1 Tunis camel of burden (male)
1 Senaar dromedary (male)
1 Muscat dromedary (female)
2 Siout dromedaries (males)
4 Siout dromedaries (females)
1 Mt. Sinai dromedary (male)
2 Bactrian camels (males)
1 Booghdee or Tuilu, male, produce of the Bactrian male and the Arabian female.
4 Arabian camels of burden (males)
15 Arabian camels of burden (females)
1 Arabian camel, 24 days old (female).”